Reading the Fire
- Recognize the stages of fire development and identify conditions that will lead to flashover, backdraft or fire gas ignition.
- Identify key fire behavior indicators (FBI) present at every structural fire.
- Analyze the FBI in the context of the building and environmental factors.
- Locate the fire and determine the most likely progression.
- Identify the people and/or assets at the greatest risk.
- Predict the effect of various ventilation/extinguishing tactics, tools and techniques.
- Use most applicable tactics, tools and techniques.
- Develop synthetic “experience” with “hot seat” training methods.
The target audience is any level of fire officer that responds to working fires. The key focus is on the first arriving officer and crew who must make rapid decisions in very limited time frames. The knowledge is required by all personal on the fireground and critically important to decision makers such as Incident Commanders, Sector Commanders, Divisional Officers and Safety Officers. The BE SAHF assessment assists task level crews to conduct a risk assessment in their area of operation. Sharing this information assists in gaining more complete information on current and changing conditions.
The presenter will provide underpinning knowledge in a visual and practical manner. Because the task of fire ground decision making is extremely challenging, it is necessary to implant key visual prompts into the mind of the decision maker. Even commanders with vast knowledge and experience only have seconds to tap into stored memory.
Simple and logical mnemonics that can assist in identifying the fire behaviour indicators are presented and discussed. Simple graphics and video are used to validate the model and to provide the participants with a visual hook that can be referred to rapidly in high stress. Sufficient time is allowed for participants to add value by sharing experience and perspective.
Still images and video will challenge participants to identify key fire Behaviour indicators at actual incidents. Participants will use a case study template to analyze actual incident to build greater understanding and synthetic tactical experience. Group discussion on the case study will be used as a method of connecting the theory content to application in the real world.
The presentation is based on PowerPoint and is enhanced by the use of iSpring which enriches the presentation and allows for the material to be shared on a wide range of platforms and operating systems. Each participant will receive a DVD with the presentation and support material.
The trainees should have a sound knowledge of:
- The fundamentals of firefighting strategy, tactics and techniques.
- English language skills. (It may be possible to provide translators for the theory and practical)
- Basic computer skills
- Instructional techniques.